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Title: Profiling of Virulence Determinants in Cronobacter sakazakii Isolates from Different Plant and Environmental Commodities
Authors: Singh, Niharika
Raghav, Mamta
Narula, Shifa
Tandon, Simran
Goel, Gunjan
Keywords: Cronobacter sakazakii
Environmental Commodities
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Jaypee University of Information Technology, Solan, H.P.
Abstract: Cronobacter sakazakii is an emerging pathogen causing meningitis, sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis in neonates and immune-compromised adults. The present study describes the profiling of different virulence factors associated with C. sakazakii isolates derived from plantbased materials and environmental samples (soil, water, and vacuum dust). All the isolates exhibited β-hemolysis and chitinase activity, and were able to utilize inositol. Among the nine virulence-associated genes, hly gene coding for hemolysin was detected in all the isolates followed by ompA (outer membrane protein); however, plasmidborne genes were detected at a level of 60% for both cpa (cronobacter plasminogen activator) and eitA (Ferric ion transporter protein) gene, respectively. Furthermore, the isolate C. sakazakii N81 showed cytotoxicity for Caco-2 cells. The presence of the virulence determinants investigated in this study indicates the pathogenic potential of C. sakazakii with their plausible connection with clinical manifestations.
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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